Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 22 Issue 1 January - June / 2024
Published on website | Date : 2024-06-10 12:06:30

IgG Titer of Pfizer BNT62b2 COVID-19 Negatively Correlated with Soluble Inhibitory Immune Checkpoints

Selda S. Ezzaldeen, Haider S. Kadhim, Mohammed A. Tawfiq


Background: The Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a complicated respiratory syndrome caused by novel Corona virus that spread swiftly throughout the world.
Objective: To study correlation between IgG spike protein-1 and soluble inhibitory immune checkpoints and among checkpoints in individuals vaccinated with booster dose of BNT162B2 vaccine.
Methods: This research is cross-sectional, performed on 180 healthy adults (above 18 years old) vaccinated with BNT162B2 vaccine, 21-30 days after booster dose at community dwelling from December 2021 to April 2022. Measuring serum level of IgG toward spike protein-1 and soluble negative regulatory markers by enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay.
Results: This study showed a significant negative correlation between IgG titer and soluble inhibitory immune checkpoints, soluble CTLA-4 (r = -0.23, P value = 0.001), soluble PD-1 (r = -0.12, P value = 0.04) and soluble PD-L1 (r = -0.204, P value = 0.006), while Inhibitory immune checkpoints had a positive significant correlation among them (p value <0.001).
Conclusion: This study showed a significant negative correlation between IgG titer of Pfizer BNT62b2 COVID-19 and soluble immune checkpoint markers and a moderate positive highly significant correlation among soluble inhibitory immune checkpoints.
Keywords: BNT162b2, soluble inhibitory immune checkpoints, anti-S1 IgG response, mRNA vaccine
Citation: Ezzaldeen SS, Kadhim HS, Tawfiq MA. IgG titer of Pfizer BNT62b2 COVID-19 negatively correlated with soluble inhibitory immune checkpoints. Iraqi JMS. 2024; 22(1): 31-35. doi: 10.22578/IJMS.22.1.4